Home PageTours

ANCIENT PERGAMUM TOUR

Tours & Excursions

  • Duration: Full day (08:30 to 17:30)
    Price: 85 Euro (per person)
    Run: Everyday

    After picking up from hotel at Kusadasi/Selcuk or Kusadasi cruise port, we will start the full day guided tour of Pergamum, for the visits to:

    Pergamum: Pergamum was a small site during the Archaic Period. Lysimachos, one of the generals of Alexander the Great and who had become the emperor of Anatolia after 301 B.C., delivered the war expenditures, at the amount of 9000 talents (1 talent is believed to be US$ 7,500 approx.), to Philetarios who was the commander of Pergamon, and the kingdom founded by Philetarios by using this sum of money following Lysimachos's death, flourished and became the most eminent center of culture of the Hellenistic period for 150 years. Eumenes I, Attalos I and Eumenes II were enthroned successively after Philetarios. Eumenes II took acropolis of Athens as an example and had the acropolis of Pergamum adorned with works of art which reflected fine taste, and Pergamum became one of the most graceful cities of the world. Attalos III who succeeded Attalos II, handed over his land to the Romans when he died in 133 B.C.

    Asklepion: It is perceived that Asklepion, established in the name of Aesculapius, the god of Health and Medicine, existed in the 4th century BC. It includes territories such as a small theater with the capacity of 3,500 people, rooms where the patients were treated by the sound of water and music, the temple of Asklepion and the library. Here, the dreams of the patients were examined by their doctors (priests) 2000 years before Sigmund Freud did. One of the important personalities of Asklepion was Galen (Galenus) from the 2nd c. AD.

    The Theater of Pergamon: One of the steepest theaters in the world, has a capacity of 10,000 people and was constructed in the 3rd century B.C. The theater underwent changes during the Roman period under the reign of Caracalla. There is a 246.5 m long and approximately 16 m wide stoa (portico) in front of the theater. The road in front of the theater leads to the Temple of Dionysos (known in Rome as Baccus, god of wine). The temple was constructed in the 2nd century B.C. and reconstructed in marble during Caracalla's period (211-217 AD). Its dimensions are 11.80 x 20.22 m. The temple, which arouses interest because of the staircase in front with a height of 4.5 m and 25 steps, has an exquisite appearance.

    Great Altar of Zeus: Eumenes II (197-159 BC) constructed it as a memorial of the victory against the Galatians. This Altar has the shape of a horseshoe and its dimensions are 36.44 x 34.20 m. It is composed of four parts and the high relieves on it describe the war between the giants and the gods. The Altar which was taken away from Pergamon in 1871 and carried to Germany by the German engineer Carl Humann, is exhibited at the Museum of Pergamon in Berlin, in a manner conforming to its original.

    After the tour, you will be transferred back to the hotel or Kusadasi cruise port.
      
     
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Please take note of the following:

    * 30% discount for children below the age 7, free for the ages 0-2
    * The order of visiting sights, may vary slightly from time to time
    * You are kindly requested to present your self at the pick up point 15 minutes prior the pre advised pick up time
    * Smoking is not permitted but all tours make frequent stops

    What's Included:
    * Pick up and drop off at your Hotel or Cruise Port
    * Transportation by air-conditioned non-smoking tour coaches
    * Professional Guide licensed by the Ministry of Tourism
    * All entrance fees to the archaeological sites and museums, parking and road tolls
    * Lunch at local restaurant (drinks extra)
    * Local taxes

    Enquiry Form


    or